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In the 20th century, Nepal ended its isolation and forged strong ties with regional powers.Parliamentary democracy was introduced in 1951, but was twice suspended by Nepalese monarchs in 19.The territory of Nepal has a recorded history since the Neolithic age.The name "Nepal" is first recorded in texts from the Vedic Age, the era which founded Hinduism, the predominant religion of the country.Bordering China in the north and India in the south, east, and west, it is the largest sovereign Himalayan state.Nepal does not border Bangladesh, which is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip.A Sanskrit inscription dated 512 CE found in Tistung, a valley to the west of Kathmandu, contains the phrase "greetings to the Nepals" indicating that the term "Nepal" was used to refer to both the country and the people.In Samudragupta's Allahabad Pillar it is mentioned as a border country.
Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language.
Friendship treaties were signed with the Dominion of India in 1950 and the People's Republic of China in 1960.
Nepal hosts the permanent secretariat of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), of which it is a founding member.
The highest elevation in Nepal is Mount Everest, Earth's highest mountain, rising 8,848 m (29,029 ft) above sea level.
The Himalayan branch of the ancient Silk Road was dominated by the valley's traders.
According to the Skanda Purana, a rishi called "Nemi" used to live in the Himalayas.